Ovulation: How to calculate your day

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QUICK READS

  • According to a search as soon as a girl child is born, her ovaries already contains all of the egg she will ever produce throughout her life(about 350,000-400,000 Immature eggs) and a matured egg is release monthly

  • The reproductive system of a woman include; the fallopian tube, ovary, uterus, cervix, vagina, etc

  • Sperm can stay alive (active) for five days

  • There is usually a time in a woman life when is she is actively fertile (capable of getting pregnant)

  • They are two glands responsible during ovulation they are the hypothalamus and pituitary gland;

  • The hypothalamus produces gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GNRH)

  • The pituitary gland produces hormones that aids ovulation (follicle-stimulating hormone and luteinizing hormone)

  • One of the symptoms of being fertile is ovulation and menstruation,

  • A woman who does not ovulate will be unable to get pregnant, when you notice an imbalance in your menstrual cycle you need to see your doctor

  • Certain conditions could make a woman, ovulate without menstruation;(i.e she can ovulate without menstruation)these conditions are; breastfeeding and menopause

  • Ovulation symptoms vary in women of all reproductive age some experience pain, body temperature, breast discomfort, pain in the tummy, discharge in the vulva e.t.c

  • A woman menstrual cycle is between 28-35 days, with a bleeding period of 3-7 and an average of 28days/5days, when it is below 24 days and above 35 days, it becomes abnormal, and it requires you to consult your doctor

  • The menstrual cycle length could change as well as the Ovulation day of a woman and it varies in all women.

  • An infection or disease could cause imbalances in the reproductive system of a woman which leads to the absence of menstrual day.

WHAT IS OVULATION?

Ovulation is the process by which the mature egg leaves the ovary, or an egg is released from the ovary,

HOW THE EGG IS RELEASED 

The ovary contains a huge number of follicles, each follicle contains cells with immature eggs the first seven days the Immature egg starts to degenerate leaving a single dominant follicle to grow,

The follicle-stimulating hormone(FSH) nourishes and helps the egg to mature  in preparation for the release of the egg during ovulation, The developing follicle secret estrogen(sex hormone)  which then increases, the sex-hormone also secret corpus lutem to prepare the uterus  in the regeneration of the endometrial lining to prepare the uterus for pregnancy

Fertilization occurs in the fallopian tube the egg travels to the fallopian tube so it can be fertilized, the egg stays for 24hours so it can be fertilized by the sperm, the sperm can live for 5days, but If fertilization does not occur during that period,  the  corpus lutem result in the fall of the sex hormone (estrogen and progesterone) shielding the uterine lining starting the next menstrual period

WHY DO YOU NEED TO CALCULATE YOUR OVULATE DAY

Knowing how to calculate your ovulation days help you track your safe days (i.e, days of not getting pregnant) and your Red days (days that you have a high tendency of getting pregnant).

It also helps you to determine your fertile days,

It is easier for those without contraceptives to track their fertile days which makes it easier to get pregnant,

It is also encouraged for those trying to convince to know their ovulation day, to be able to monitor their days and know when the sperm can fertilize an e

HOW IT IS CALCULATED

A normal menstrual cycle is usually from 28days to 35days/7days, with An average of 28/5days, Every woman have a different menstrual cycle as well as ovulation day, Depending on the individual,

Ovulation day is usually the 14th day of your last period to the next day of your period (I.e if your cycle is 28days your ovulation day is the 14days to your next period).

Another example is if your menstrual cycle is 35days your ovulation day is the 21days of that menstrual length (I.e the 14th day of your next period)

Apart from the Ovulation day we also have the fertile days, Your Fertile days are usually five days before the 14th day of your ovulation day (I.e if your menstrual cycle is 28days your fertile days is from the 10th day to the 14th day of your ovulation )
A sperm remains alive for Five days (I.e when you have sex, during these five days (during your fertile days)towards your ovulation days, you can be pregnant if you are not on contraceptive.

SIGNS OF OVULATION

They Are Some Certain Changes That You Noticed And Happens To The Body When Ovulating, Before Ovulation,  After Ovulation and when ovulating, they include;

1. Cervical mucus:

This is a discharge that comes out of the vulva, it Is usually stimulated by the female sex hormone estrogen.

Cervical mucus changes from day to day, and it’s usually before your next menstrual period

There are 4 stages involve;

  • Dry/no discharge 
  • light damp,
  • Creamier which is signifies that you are fertile to
  • Wet/slippery discharge which is considered the most fertile period, individual begin to notice a discharge that looks like an egg white solution, stretchy and somehow reddish color, when you touch the fluid with your two-finger you feel it’s stretchy, Fertilization occurs faster during this period

2. Ovulation Pain/Mittelschmerz;

You may experience pain in the lower abdominal, This pain goes down within hours at most 2-3 days, sometimes it shifts from different sides of the abdominal, especially at the side it is often sharp.

3. Increase in sexual drive/ Horny:

This is when there is an increase in urge for sex,

4. Body Temperature;

This is when there is an increase in the body temperature, although it happens before, after, or during your menstrual days

5. Breast tenderness;

You may experience discomfort in the breast

6. Menstruation;

this is a clear symptom, that ovulation will start some days after your period

SUMMARY
As a woman, your body changed right from puberty to your menstrual days, pregnancy, and the last stage in a woman’s natural reproductive age menopause.

However, each woman has a different cycle as they also have their separate ovulating days.

Your ovulation day could fluctuate,

N.B Calculating your Ovulation day should not be situated to those who are trying to conceive alone.

As it could also serve as a natural method of preventing unintended pregnancy

Furthermore, it makes you more observant of yourself, most importantly your reproductive life.

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